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Designer handbags: symbols of materialism or solid investments?

Harper Bazaar, 17 Jun 2016 : “Chanel Bags are gaining value Faster than the Stock

d-gold-one-company-is-actively-testing-that-theory/  - 26 Mar 2020

The Irish Times, 12 Jan 2019: “The Birkin: bags of style and a sound investment”

l-leather-goods-2170860 - 13 May 2020

Ireland's Dependent Development 

Department of Business, Enterprise and Innovation Ireland , 2020. Foreign Direct Investment; Department of Business, Enterprise and Innovation Ireland. [Online]
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Industrial Development Agency Ireland , 2019. IDA Ireland 2018 Results - Highest Number Ever Employed in Multinational Sector - 229,057. [Online]
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John O'Beirne Ranelagh, R. F., 2020. Encyclopædia Britannica; Ireland. [Online]
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Mulhall, D., 2016. A productive triangle: Ireland, the UK and the EU; Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Ireland. [Online]
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Quinlan, R., 2018. Facebook officially confirms its move to Dublin 4, with capacity for 5,000 jobs; [Online]
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The European Commission, 2020. Impact of EU membership on Ireland. [Online]
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The World Bank, 2009. ARCHIVED WEBSITE: Globalization. [Online]
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Walker, B., 1990. Ireland's Historical Position:'Colonial'or'European'. The Irish Review, Issue No.9, pp. 36-40.


Ireland's Relationship with the Rule of Law and Direct Provision 

Bunreacht na hÉireann

European Union (Reception Conditions) Regulations 2018

International Protection Act 2015

Refugee Act 1996

T.D. v Minister for Education [2001] 4 I.R. 259

N.H.V v Minister for Justice and Equality [2016] IECA 86

N.H.V. v Minister for Education for Justice and Equality [2017] IESC 82.

Maguire v Ardagh [2002] 1 IR 447

Sinnott v Minister for Education [2001] IESC 63; [2001] 2 IR

R v Secretary of State for the Home Department [1963] 1 QB 829          

Hogan G and Morgan D, Administrative Law in Ireland (4th edn, Thomson Reuters (Professional) Ireland Limited 2010)

Byrne and McCutcheon, Byrne and McCutcheon on The Irish Legal System (6th edn, Bloomsbury Professional 2014).

Thornton, Ní Mhuirthile and O’Sullivan, Fundamentals of the Irish Legal System (Round Hall, 2016)

Carolan E, Judicial Power in Ireland (IPA 2018)

  1. Steyn, The Constitutionalism of Public Law (London: Constitution Unit, 1999)

Judicial Appointments Review Committee, Preliminary Submission to the Department of Justice and Equality’s Public Consultation on the Judicial Appointments Process (30th January 2014)

Chad Kautzer and Eduardo Mendieta, Interview with Angela Y. Davis, ‘Law and Resistance in the Prisons of Empire’, (Peace Review, 2004).

Choi N, The Rule of Law – Political Philosophy (Britannica, 2017)

Bingham T, The Rule of Law, (Cambridge Law Journal (2007) 66 (1))

Shklar J, Political Theory and the Rule of Law, (Chicago, UCP, 1998).

EU Ban the Sale of Menthol Cigarettes



Court of Justice of the European Union PRESS RELEASE No 48/16 Luxembourg, 4 May 2016, available at:


C-358/14 Poland v Parliament and Council, available at:


OPINION OF ADVOCATE GENERAL KOKOTT in Case C‑358/14, available at:

WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, available at:


Liam Thornton, Tanya Ní Mhuirthile, Catherine O'Sullivan, 'Fundamentals of the Irish Legal System', (Round Hall 2016)

Discussing Israel and Avoiding Antisemitism 

April Rosenblum, The Past Didn’t Go Anywhere,

Dave Rich, “The Left's Jewish Problem: Jeremy Corbyn, Israel and Anti-Semitism”, Biteback Publishing (6 Sept. 2016).

Jean-Paul Sartre, “Anti-Semite and Jew”

JFREJ, “Understanding Antisemitism”

CHRISTOPHER R. BROWNING “A Lesson for Netanyahu From a Real Holocaust Historian”

Protests; Past and Present 

Amnesty International , 2020. Amnesty International; Hong Kong: Peaceful protesters targeted as police start 2020 with renewed attack on dissent. [Online]
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Barron, L., 2019. TIME Magazine; How the Tiananmen Square Massacre Changed China Forever. [Online]
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BBC News, 2019. Hong Kong protests: China warns US over Human Rights and Democracy Act. [Online]
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BBC News, 2019. The Hong Kong protests explained in 100 and 500 words. [Online]
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[Accessed 03 April 2020].

Calhoun, C., 1989. Revolution and repression in Tiananmen square. [Online]
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Editors, H., 2020. History; Montgomery Bus Boycott. [Online]
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[Accessed 6 April 2020]. Editors, 2019. History; Tiananmen Square Protests. [Online]
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McLaughlin, T., 2020. Hong Kong’s Protesters Finally Have (Some) Power; Newly elected representatives are among those trying to turn the demonstrations into a permanent prodemocracy movement.. [Online]
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The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2020. Encyclopædia Britannica; Montgomery bus boycott. [Online]
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[Accessed 06 April 2020].

Tiananmen Square: What happened in the protests of 1989?. 2019. [Film] Directed by Zichen Tsui. Beijing : BBC News. NN



Rebels without cause...?

Bache, I., Bulmer, S., George, S. and Parker, O. (2011). Politics of the European Union. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

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Bundeswahlleiter (2018). Bundestag election 2017. [online] Berlin: Bundestag election 2017. Available at: [Accessed 10 Mar. 2019].

CIENSKI, J. (2018). European court orders Poland to freeze judicial changes. Politico. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Mar. 2019].

Cini, M. and Pérez-Solórzano Borragán, N. (2013). European Union politics. Oxford: 4th.

Crum, B. (2008). Explaining Decisions in the European Union. Acta Politica, 43(1), pp.128-131.

Cuddy, A. (2018). European Parliament votes to trigger Article 7 sanctions procedure against Hungary. EuroNews. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Mar. 2019].

EVS (2010): European Values Study 2008, 4th wave, Finland. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne, Germany,

ZA4762 Data File Version 1.1.0 (2010-11-30), doi:10.4232/1.10158

Forni, M. (2018). ELEZIONI POLITICHE 2018 ANALISI POST-VOTO. 1st ed. [ebook] Rome: IPSOS, p.9. Available at: [Accessed 10 Mar. 2019].

Noack, R. (2018). Britain’s top diplomat compares the E.U. to Soviet ‘prison’ — angering the survivors of the real ones. The Washington Post. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Mar. 2019].

Pisner, K. (2018). The Swiftly Closing Borders of Europe. The Atlantic. [online] Available at: EVS (2010): European Values Study 2008, 4th wave, Finland. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne, Germany, ZA4762 Data File Version 1.1.0 (2010-11-30), doi:10.4232/1.10158 [Accessed 10 Mar. 2019].

Smith, O. (2018). EU's Italian THREAT: Eurosceptic parties SHOCK Brussels with anti-establishment coalition. The Express. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Mar. 2019].

Stone, Sweet, A. and Sandholtz, W. (2010). Neofunctionalism and Supranational Governance. SSRN Electronic Journal. [online] Available at:

Smith, P. (2018). Penalties urged for Hungary and Poland over refugee stance. The Irish Times. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Mar. 2019].

LS Brussels. (2019). Threats to the rule of law in Poland. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Mar. 2019].

Face Masks 101

Business Insider

  • Miller, Anna Medaris. “'Anti-Maskers' Say They Should Not Be Forced to Cover Their Faces in Public Because Medical Conditions Mean They Cannot Wear a Mask.” Business Insider, Business Insider, 7 May 2020, 10:02,

The World Health Organization (WHO)

  • The WHO Secretariat (2020). Advice on the use of masks in the context of COVID-19,

World Health Organization, 1-16. Retrieved from: 1279750/retrieve

The Mayo Clinic

  • Mayo Clinic Staff. “Can Face Masks Protect against the Coronavirus?” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 28 May 2020,

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

  • Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “N95 Respirators, Surgical Masks, and Face Masks.” U.S. Food and Drug Administration, FDA,

Irish Times

  • O'Sullivan, Kevin. “Q&A On Face Masks: What Is the Latest Advice?” The Irish Times, The Irish Times, 11 June 2020,

From BRICS to Bolsonaro

The World Trade Organisation, 2008. WORLD TRADE REPORT. [Online]
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Hauge, G. M. H. & Magnusson, M. T., 2011. Globalisation in Brazil; How has globalization affected the economic, political and social conditions in Brazil. [Online]
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Inequality: Globalisation. 2017. [Film] Germany: Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings.

Lamy, P. D., 2006. World Trade Organisation; Humanising Globalization. [Online]
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OECD, 2018. Minimum Wages. [Online]
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Oxfam, 2019. Oxfam International; Brazil: extreme ineqality in numbers. [Online]
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Schneider, R. M. & Martins, L., 2019. Encyclopædia Britannica; Brazil. [Online]
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Schneider, R. M. & Momsen, R. P., 2019. Encyclopædia Britannica; Brazil; Economy. [Online]
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The World Bank, 2009. ARCHIVED WEBSITE: Globalization. [Online]
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United Nations - Non Governmental Liason Service, 2015. Decent Work and Fair Globalization A Guide to Policy Dialogue. [Online]
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United Nations, 2015. Concepts of Inequality; Development Issues No. 1. [Online]
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United Nations, 2015. The Millennium Development Goals Report , s.l.: United Nations.

World Data Lab, 2018. World Poverty Clock. [Online]
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[Accessed 07 November 2019].

Yueh, L. Y., 2009. The Law and Economics of Globalisation. 1st ed. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.


Twisted Totems 

Virginia Code § 15.2-1812, available at:

Payne v Charlottesville, available at:

Pleasant Grove City v Summum

Walker v Texas, available at:>

Tennessee HPA, available at:

North Carolina HPA, available at:

Alabama HPA, available at:

National Monuments Act, available at:>

Gravestone Translation 

Re St Giles, Exhall [2020] ECC Cov 1, available at:


St Peter & St Paul, Nutfield [2018] Ecc Swk 1, available at:


A Grave Mistake? Ecclesiastical court rules against Irish language only inscription on headstone’, Caoilfhionn Gallagher QC, available at:


Frank Cranmer, "Irish Gaelic on memorials? Re St Giles, Exhall: updated" in Law & Religion UK, 4 June 2020, available at:




Church of England statement, available at:


Rhidian Jones, 'The Canon Law of the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England 2nd Edition : A Handbook'>


Raith Charin's fight for survival 

Meath Ghaeltacht language plan, available at:éar-Pleanála-Teanga-Ghaeltacht-na-Mí-05.07.18-8-1.pdf

2012 Gaeltacht Act, availbale at;

Dúshláin agus deiseanna i gcur i bhfeidhm an Phlean Teanga i Limistéar Pleanála Teanga (LPT) Ghaeltacht na Mí, Margarita Neothallaigh, available at:>

Waterford CC development plan:

Éanna Ó Croinín radio interview, available at:

Fake News - Freedom of expression in a Digital Age

Eatwell, R. & Goodwin, M., 2018. National Populism; The revolt against Liberal Democracy. 001 ed. Milton Keynes : Pelican Books.

Hern, A. & Rawlinson, K., 2018. The Gaurdian. [Online]
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[Accessed 10 October 2019].

Luce, E., 2017. The Retreat of Western Liberalism. 001 ed. London: Abacus.

Mill, J. S., 1859. On Liberty. In: M. Philp & F. Rosen, eds. Of the Liberty of Thought and Discussion. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 19-35.

O'Brien, J., 2018. HOW TO BE RIGHT in a world gone wrong. 001 ed. London: WH Allen.


Burke Family Values 

“Christian solicitor launches unfair dismissal case” – 

“Family protests against sacking of Christian solicitor” -   

“Siblings banned for life from NUIG societies refuse college’s offer” -

“Students claiming religious bias urge further investigation” -

“Declan versus Isaac, on same sex marriage” -                           

“Small voices that go unheard” -                                                          

“WHO IS JEMIMA BURKE, THE MAYO JOURNALIST WHOSE QUESTIONING OF DR TONY HOLOHAN WENT VIRAL” -                                                                               

“Burke Christian School, Castlebar, is enrolling” -       

Burke Christian School -

Empty Formula 

Civil Law and Criminal Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Bill 2020, available at:

Law Reform Commission 1990 report, available at:

Perjury and related offences Bill 2019, available at:


Oaths act 1909, available at:


Oath Act 1888, available at:


AFFIDAVITS MUST BE ADMINISTERED ON RELIGIOUS TEXT, Emile Burke-Murphy, Irish Law Times 2016, 34(9), 126




In Re Hennessy and Davidson, Ex Tempore, High Court 2016 (Kelly P.) 4 April 2016

R v Kemble (1990) 91 Cr App R 178


Clinton v State, 22 Ohio St 27, 33 (1877)


Birch v Sir William Somerville 2 ICLR 243


Buscarini v San Monaco, ECHR 24645/94, available at:{%22dmdocnumber%22:[%22696792%22],%22itemid%22:[%22001-58915%22]}


Dimitras v Greece ECHR case 11946/11 19/04/2018


UN report on Ireland 2014, CCPR/C/IRL/4


UNHRC 2011, General comment no. 34, Article 19, Freedoms of opinion and expression, available at:


Ontario LRC, Report on the Law of Evidence (1976)


231 F. 2d 384 - Wilcoxon v. United States>



Protest Politics 

Enough, Electoral Fraud, Collective Actions Problems and the post-communist Coloured revolution.  Joshua A Tucker


Sovereign-less Subject and the Possibility of Resistance

Andreja Zevnik


“Protest Politics and Power Politics.” Breaking White Supremacy: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Black Social Gospel, by Gary Dorrien, Yale University Press, New Haven; London, 2018, pp. 172–254. JSTOR, Accessed 28 July 2020.


Austerity, resistance and social protest in Ireland: movement outcomes

Niamh Hourigan

Shell Shock’ -Soldiers suing the state

Ryan v Ireland [1989] IR 177


Clarke v Min for Defence & AG [2008] IEHC 105


Walsh v Securicor (Ireland) Ltd [1993] 2 IR 507


Department of Defence ministerial brief 2020


Murtagh v Min for Defence and Others [2008] IEHC 292


Murtagh v Minister for Defence [2018] IESC 37








Case Law

Norris v Attorney General [1983] IESC 3

Norris v Ireland 6/1987/129/180

Kinsella v Governor of Mountjoy Prison [2011] IEHC 235.

Fleming v Ireland [2013] 2 I.R. 417



Law Reform Commission: Final Report on Harmful Communications and Digital Safety 21 Sep 2016




Dáil Debates:

Vol. 950 No. 3 - Tuesday, 16 May 2017

Vol. 964 No. 5 - Wednesday, 31 Jan 2018




Fletcher O.  ‘Legislation alone will not tackle Ireland's “revenge porn” problem’, Wednesday November 25th 2020, The Irish Times.