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Self Sustainability Sub Sahara

Sustainable development in Sub Saharan Africa has been at the forefront of the United Nation’s agenda for the last two decades. However, one must question the effectiveness of the policies suggested by the UN, and can they actually be achieved. The bedrock of sustainable development lies in the Sustainable Development Goals and The Millennium Development goals.

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Kindred Spirits: the Silent Solidarity Between Victims of Colonisation

The town of Midleton in County Cork is home to a beautiful but widely unknown sculpture that celebrates the solidarity and generosity demonstrated by the Choctaw people towards the Irish during the Great Famine. The structure itself, named “Kindred Spirits”, consists of large stainless steel feathers arranged in a circular formation, and it is intended to commemorate the $170 donation made by the Choctaws during one of the worst years of the famine in 1847, which is estimated to be the equivalent of at least five thousand dollars in contemporary terms. The context in which this donation was gathered only further emphasises the immense kindness of the Choctaw people, as less than ten years prior to their aid, they had been subjected to a forced removal from their lands and attempted genocide of their tribe by the federal government, known as the Trail of Tears. It would be unwise to compare the plight of Native Americans with that of the Irish, given the fact that our lands were partially returned us, whereas the entire nation of the United States exists upon stolen and desecrated land, however, there remains an unspoken bond between the two peoples, forged in spirit by our mutual experiences of attempted population destruction by an oppressor. Essentially, we are brothers in arms against a common enemy, for lack of a more poetic description.

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The Rise of A Chinese Empire – China and the African Continent

As the age of liberation grows ever more prominent, it has become increasingly difficult for economic powers to plant their exploitative footholds within less economically powerful countries with the means of colonisation and/or excessive political intervention. The beginning of the 1960s marked a sudden surge in outbursts within Africa which would eventually lead to the liberation of several countries within the continent from their European colonizers, subsequently converting them into independent states. These conversions persisted throughout the decade and continued well into the 1970s until they were brought to a halt by the Republic of Zimbabwe on 18th April 1980, when the African country was granted its independence by Great Britain.

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Fear and Loathing in the Republican Party

The past week in US politics has been mired in controversy, largely as a result of Republican candidate, President Donald Trump’s ill-advised anticipation to get the ball rolling on behalf of his party. Although this will undoubtedly become a saga of strange events that runs until the elections in November of this year and will almost certainly provoke subsequent consequences that shadow the upcoming term in presidential office, there are two separate incidences that have garnered substantial attention on the European side of the Atlantic. In line with the majority of domestic opinion, Trump’s aggressive response to the Black Lives Matter protests which erupted in the wake of George Floyd’s death attracted waves of overseas criticism that was further emphasised by his recent, seemingly sabotaged rally in Tulsa, that proceeded in spite of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. The latest approval ratings illustrate a significant decline in Trump’s popularity among the general American populace, and this is by no means a coincidence; he has been forced to confront two crises within a matter of months and frankly, has handled neither with the slightest degree of grace or sympathy. The prevailing query is, how will this impact the upcoming presidential election? For now, it would be naive to make any predictions given the tumultuous journey undertaken by both the Republican and Democratic parties in the 2016 campaigns. Despite the growing popularity of Democratic Party candidate, Joe Biden, he has not secured victory in any sense, except perhaps in a moral regard. Although if the past four years have taught the world anything, it’s that morality is no longer a trait required to obtain and upkeep a position of political power in the United States.

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Face Masks 101 - Clearing the air

In reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic, many governing bodies have regulated or recommended face coverings. But how do face masks work? Are they actually effective? Is there a wrong way to wear one? What are the arguments against mandatory face masks? Read on to answer all of these questions and learn everything you need to know about the rationale (and science) behind face masks.

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